Beijing is the capital of the People's
Republic of China and one of the most populous cities in
the world. The metropolis, located in northern China, is
governed as a direct-controlled municipality under the
national government, with 14 urban and suburban
districts and two rural counties. Beijing Municipality
is surrounded by Hebei Province with the exception of
neighboring Tianjin Municipality to the southeast.
Beijing is the second largest Chinese city by urban
population after Shanghai and is the nation's political,
cultural, and educational center. It is home to the
headquarters of most of China's largest state-owned
companies, and is a major hub for the national highway,
expressway, railway, and high-speed rail networks.
The Beijing Capital International Airport is the
second busiest in the world by passenger traffic. The
city's history dates back three millennia. As the last
of the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China, Beijing has
been the political center of the country for much of the
past eight centuries. The city is renowned for its
opulent palaces, temples, gardens, tombs, walls and
gates, and its art treasures and universities have made
it a center of culture and art in China. Few cities in
the world have been the political and cultural center of
an area as immense for so long. For more information
about Beijing please visit http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beijing
The official language is Mandarin Chinese. English is
The currency used in China is the Renminbi Yuan (CNY).
in 2013, 1US$=6.13CNY.
Beijing will be on China Standard Time, GMT +8 hours.
Beijing has mild temperatures except very cold in
For information about public transport, please visit
The international access code for China is +86. The
outgoing code is 00 followed by the relevant country
code (e.g. 0044 for the United Kingdom). The city code
for Beijing is (0)10.
Electrical current is 220 volts, 50Hz. Plug types
vary but the two-pin flat blade and oblique three-pin
flat blade plugs are common. Adapters are generally